Document Fundamentals

The definition of a site consists of a set of small YAML documents that are managed by Deckhand. Each document is identified by a schema top-level key and the metadata.name value that uniquely identifies a particular document of the type schema. Deckhand provides functionality allowing documents to be authored such that data from multiple documents can be merged.

  • Abstact vs Concrete - Documents define a value in metadata.layeringDefinition.abstract to determine if a document is abstract (a value of true) or concrete (a value of false). When calling the /revisions/{id}/rendered-documents API, only concrete documents are returned.

  • Layering - Document layering is used for whole documents that have known defaults but may need to be transformed in specific instances.

  • Substitution - Data substitution is used for extracting particular values from a document’s data section (whole or in-part) and inserting that data into a destination document (at the root of the data section or deeper into a document).

Shared Documents

Secrets

Several generic document types exist to support encryption of sensitive data.

These must be utilized for all data considered sensitive.

Global Catalogue Documents

Deckhand’s layering functionality can be utilized in several ways, i.e site definitions. At the global layer there will be several documents providing different configurations for an object or service. Each of these will be abstract documents. They can be incorporated into a particular site definition by creating a concrete child document in the site layer that selects the correct global parent. The child can then do further customization on the configuration if needed.

As a best practice, global level documents using the catalog pattern should utilize the layering labels component and configuration to provide a consistent method for children documents select the correct parent. The below example shows a set of documents for two configuration options for OpenStack Keystone: one using local SQL-backed identity stores and one using an LDAP backend. A site definition can then select and customize the appropriate option.

When using a catalogue document, it is important to review that document to ensure you understand all the requirements for it.

  • Abstract documents are not required to be fully formed, so selecting a catalogue document may require the child document to add data so the document passes validation. In the below example, the child document adds several required fields to the catalogue Chart: chart_name, release, and namespace.

  • A catalogue document may define substitutions with the expectation that the substitution source documents are defined at a lower layer. In the example below, all of the required credentials in the chart are defined as substitutions in the global catalogue document, but the source documents for the substitutions are defined in the site layer.

This catalogue pattern can also be utilized for the type layer if needed.

Global Layer

---
schema: armada/Chart/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: ldap-backed-keystone
  labels:
    component: keystone
    configuration: ldap-backed
  layeringDefinition:
    abstract: true
    layer: global
  storagePolicy: cleartext
  substitutions:
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: keystone_admin_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.identity.auth.admin.password
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: mariadb_admin_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.oslo_db.auth.admin.password
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: mariadb_keystone_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.oslo_db.auth.user.password
    - src:
        schema: pegleg/SoftwareVersions/v1
        name: software-versions
        path: .charts.ucp.keystone
      dest:
        path: .source
    - src:
        schema: pegleg/StringValue/v1
        name: ldap_userid
        src: .
      dest:
        path: .values.conf.ks_domains.cicd.identity.ldap.user
        pattern: '(^USERID)'
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: ldap_userid_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.conf.ks_domain.cicd.identity.ldap.password
data:
  install:
    no_hooks: false
  upgrade:
    no_hooks: false
  pre:
    delete:
      - type: job
        labels:
          job-name: keystone-db-sync
      - type: job
        labels:
          job-name: keystone-db-init
  post:
    delete: []
    create: []
  values:
    conf:
      keystone:
        identity:
          driver: sql
          default_domain_id: default
          domain_specific_drivers_enabled: True
          domain_configurations_from_database: True
          domain_config_dir: /etc/keystonedomains
      ks_domains:
        cicd:
          identity:
            driver: ldap
            ldap:
              url: "ldap://your-ldap-server.example.com"
              user: "[email protected]"
              password: USERID_PASSWORD_REPLACEME
              suffix: "dc=example,dc=com"
              query_scope: sub
              page_size: 1000
              user_tree_dn: "DC=example,DC=com"
              user_objectclass: user
              user_name_attribute: sAMAccountName
              user_mail_attribute: mail
              user_enabled_attribute: userAccountControl
              user_enabled_mask: 2
              user_enabled_default: 512
              user_attribute_ignore: "default_project_id,tenants,projects,password"
    replicas: 2
    labels:
      node_selector_key: ucp-control-plane
      node_selector_value: enabled
...
---
schema: armada/Chart/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: sql-backed-keystone
  labels:
    component: keystone
    configuration: sql-backed
  layeringDefinition:
    abstract: true
    layer: global
  substitutions:
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: keystone_admin_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.identity.auth.admin.password
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: mariadb_admin_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.oslo_db.auth.admin.password
    - src:
        schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
        name: mariadb_keystone_password
        path: .
      dest:
        path: .values.endpoints.oslo_db.auth.user.password
    - src:
        schema: pegleg/SoftwareVersions/v1
        name: software-versions
        path: .charts.ucp.keystone
      dest:
        path: .source
data:
  timeout: 300
  install:
    no_hooks: false
  upgrade:
    no_hooks: false
    pre:
      delete:
        - name: keystone-bootstrap
          type: job
          labels:
            application: keystone
            component: bootstrap
        - name: keystone-credential-setup
          type: job
          labels:
            application: keystone
            component: credential-setup
        - name: keystone-db-init
          type: job
          labels:
            application: keystone
            component: db-init
        - name: keystone-db-sync
          type: job
          labels:
            application: keystone
            component: db-sync
        - name: keystone-fernet-setup
          type: job
          labels:
            application: keystone
            component: fernet-setup
  values: {}
  source: {}
...

Site Layer

---
schema: armada/Chart/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: ucp-helm-toolkit
  layeringDefinition:
    abstract: false
    layer: site
  substitutions:
    - src:
        schema: pegleg/SoftwareVersions/v1
        name: software-versions
        path: .charts.ucp.helm-toolkit
      dest:
        path: .source
data:
  chart_name: ucp-helm-toolkit
  release: ucp-helm-toolkit
  namespace: ucp
  timeout: 100
  values: {}
  source: {}
  dependencies: []
...
---
schema: armada/Chart/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: ucp-keystone
  layeringDefinition:
    abstract: false
    layer: site
    parentSelector:
      component: keystone
      configuration: ldap-backed
    actions:
      - method: merge
        path: .
data:
  chart_name: ucp-keystone
  release: ucp-keystone
  namespace: ucp
  dependencies:
    - ucp-helm-toolkit
...
---
schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: ldap_userid_password
  storagePolicy: encrypted
data: a-secret-password
...
---
schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: keystone_admin_password
  storagePolicy: encrypted
data: a-secret-password
...
---
schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: mariadb_admin_password
  storagePolicy: encrypted
data: a-secret-password
...
---
schema: deckhand/Passphrase/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: mariadb_keystone_password
  storagePolicy: encrypted
data: a-secret-password
...
---
schema: pegleg/StringValue/v1
metadata:
  schema: metadata/Document/v1
  name: keystone_ldap_userid
  storagePolicy: cleartext
data: myuser
...